عنوان مقاله [English]
From the early 10th century BC to the 15th century CE, the textile industry in the Safavid era had reached perfection. The support of Safavid kings (Shah Ismail, Shah Tahmasb, Shah Abbas) from the art of weaving, empowerment, and commercial prosperity of Iran in Europe, the skill and theoretical arrogance of the professors, and the appropriate materials used in the weaving workshops resulted in exquisite and products that made the name of the Safavid government and Iranian artists famous forever in the world. Velvet, gold, and Dibaj were Safavid workshops' most exquisite and important products. Exquisite textile textures in the Safavid era are categorized with the leadership of painters and weavers in four styles of Tabriz, Yazd, Isfahan, and Kashan. In this research, the history and various types of velvets of the Safavid era, the use of the human, plant, and animal symbols and motifs in velvet fabrics, and the colors used in these exquisite textiles from different angles have been investigated. Including the introduction of the history of velvet and types of velvet of the Safavid era, the use of the human, plant, Islamic and patterns in velvet fabrics, and finally, the causes and factors of degeneration and decline of the texture of this exquisite textile are examined. English translation. The sample size was 21 pieces of Safavid velvet pitch, and the design and role, color, style, and specifications of these textiles are expressed. English translation. English translation. According to historical researches and documents, the roles of exquisite velvet textiles have been influenced by many factors such as the ability and skill of professors, political and cultural events, religious issues, European relations, and kings' tastes, resulting in the production of high-end velvet works with artistic and unique styles. This study was conducted using the review method and citing library resources and interviews. A small part of this research was in the field and conducted interviews with velvet weaving professors in Kashan and Tehran Cultural Heritage Organization.